Practices refer to the on-the-ground restoration work you will complete through the life cycle of the proposed, or funded, project. You can enter practices within specific Sites or you can create your practices independent of sites.
Important: If your project will be installing the same practice at multiple locations, you will need to create a practice tile for each installation location.
Background: Calculating estimated reductions in Practices
FieldDoc calculates the estimated reductions for Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Total Suspended solids within each practice. Most models that FieldDoc uses to calculate reductions almost use the following inputs to calculate the estimated reductions:
Extent of the practice geometry
As you enter information into each of the Practice components, FieldDoc is working behind the scenes to calculate your estimated reductions. By the end of the setup for each practice the system will provide you with the estimated reduction outputs.
1. Create a Practice
Option 1: Add practices individually
On your site summary dashboard, click the plus sign under Practices to add a new practice. Create additional practices within your site as separate tiles.
Option 2: Import a batch of projects
The importer allows you to create multiple practice tiles simultaneously. The importer accepts .zip files with archived ESRI files: .shp, .shx, .dbg, and a .prj (WGS1984). The system is optimized for 500 sites or less.
FieldDoc will separate each polygon as a separate practice that will appear as a unique tile in FieldDoc.
Once you have imported your file you will enter into each practice tile to add a description, select the Practice Type and confirm the practice name.
2. Name your Practice
Give your practice a unique name that is easily identifiable. This name will appear on the tile for your reference.
3. Complete the Edit Practice Page
On the Edit Practice page you will enter in general information and add information necessary to start to calculate your modeled pollution reductions.
Practice Name: This is not tied to anything but is useful as a quick reference to you and your team. If you are installing the same practice at multiple locations, make sure to differentiate the practice name to reduce confusion.
Practice Description: Click the link to select a practice type from the available list.
Practice Type: Each program has a unique list of practices. If you do not see the correct practice to select, contact your program officer for guidance.
Site: If you added sites to your project, you can select from the available sites. Skip sites if you did not include any sites in your project.
Privacy: Private practices and relevant metrics will not appear on dashboards. Program managers for the assigned grant program will still be able to see the locations.
Click the green check mark to save your work.
4. Add Practice Location
FieldDoc will deliver you to the practice location page. This page is important to grab the location and the extent of your practice. Refer to the Practice Type description for instructions on what type of geometry to use (point, line, or polygon) and what your practice location footprint should delineate (footprint or drainage basin).
You can draw the extent directly on the map or you can upload a shapefile with the specifications listed below. I recommend watching the practice tutorial to see the drawing in action.
5. Confirm Extent and Define Targets
After you have clicked "save" on your location page, FieldDoc delivers you to the metrics page. Here you can finalize your modeled reductions and add in all targets at the practice level.
There is a lot of information to navigate on this page, let's look through it all.
FieldDoc generates the footprint of the practice based on the geometry that you inputted on the edit location page. Often, the pollution reduction models use the area of that practice footprint as an input into the algorithm. Often, but not always. The system will indicate what sort of geometry is necessary for your selected practice. Under the Practice Extent heading you can override the extent pulled from the geometry and location by entering in a custom extent. If your geometry is accurate and should be the input used for calculating the estimated pollution reductions, leave this field blank.
Any practices that require additional or alternative inputs in order to calculate reductions will have a link here where you can enter that information. If you are interested in learning more about the models, links to background documentation is also available here for your edification.
Add any manual metrics that are associated with this specific practice here. You may only add metrics that are included in the list.
Important Tip: If you want to enter in custom reductions, select the following metrics:
Pounds of total nitrogen reduced (custom)
Pounds of total phosphorus reduced (custom)
Tons of total suspended solids reduced (custom)
The estimated reductions will appear here once the system has completed the calculations. These fields are not editable by you. For any metrics that you added manually, for instance # of trees planted, enter in the target you intend to reach by the completion of the project.
Important Tip: Remember to tap the gray check mark to save your work.
6. Practice and Project Summary Page Updates
The information that you have inputted into this practice can be reviewed on the practice summary page. Each practice will also roll up and display on the project summary in aggregation. This means that, for instance, if you have four practices to implement and 200 trees to plat at each location then then the project summary page will show a total of 800 trees.